Ottoman tombstones are really Ottoman and Istanbul is the center of culture of tombstones. Beginning from the conquest of Istanbul although burial tradition started to spread outside the city walls with the developing policy especially in the period of Sultan Bayezid, great cemeteries inside the city walls subsisted and survived until today. The most important motifs that make those tombstones Ottoman are headgear and turbans.
Turbans on tombstone is a symbol of status
It makes us think that Ottoman tombstones are virtually human-shaped. Turbans on tombstone is a symbol of status. The difference of headstone identify the rank and the office deceased. In the examples of 18th and 19th centuries, it -especially from the chest up- started to look like human increasingly. The structure that carries inscription looked like the human body inevitably while growing up.
Women tombstones were decorated with floral reliefs
While headgears were changing in daily life because of fashion or administrative decisions, headgears over the tombstones changed as well. Turban replaced with tarboosh.The tombstones of women were decaroted with floral reliefs, with the number of roses representing te children they have borne. Old tombstones have incsriptions.