Rumeli Forstress is located at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus. The construction was finished in the space of four months in 1452, one year before the conquest. It was here that the Persian King Darius rossed with his army from Europe to Asia by building a bridge of boats at this, the narrowest and therefore the geopolitically most strategic point on the Bosphorus at exactly the same point where the secong bridge of Bosphorus stands today.
Sultan Mehmet the Conquerer chose to erect this fortress directly opposite the castle built a hundred years earlier by Beyazıd I at Anadolu Hisar in order to be able to cut communication between the city and Black Sea and so prevent the arrival of possible aid from that direction. The plan of Rumeli Fortress is designed by the Conquerer himself.
Greek soldiers who worked in the building of Rumeli Fortress was killed during the controversy. It inaugurated war of Ottoman and Byzantine. Byzantine Empire closed city’s doors and restrained Turks. Then Fatih Sultan Mehmet declared a war.
Ruined parts of Rumeli Fortress was repaired by Mahmud I in 1746. Cones were demolished in time, there were wooden houses inside of fortress.
After the conquest, however, the site lost its original function and began to be used as a prison. Rumeli Fortress is restored in 1953 and now serves as an openair venue during the festivals and museum.
|Address||Yahya Kemal Caddesi No:42 Rumelihisari 34342 Sariyer Istanbul|
|Tel||0212 263 53 05|
|Fax||0212 265 04 10|
|Entrance fee||5 TL|
|Visiting hours||Rumeli Fortress is open everyday between hours of 9.30 am and 4.30 pm except wednesday.|