Everything starts with the enterprise of the Gavand observes people who shuttle between Galata and Pera. And he thinks alternative road for Yuksekkaldırım Slope and Galip Dede Street. He comes into the presence of Sultan Abdulaziz Han for the project of railway which is similar to lift and he takes concession of building of Tunnel in 1869. But we should know while this events are happening, in 1855 horsecar emerged in Paris and subway came into operation in London.
Firstly It Transported Animals
Construction of tunnel starts in 1871 and it is completed in 1874. First test becomes with animals and then it transforms people in consideration of time. The tunnel is engaged with solemnity.First cost of building is 180 thousand Ottoman Lira. Energy of tunnel facility provides with steam engine of 150 horsepower. When the tunnel starts to voyage, wagon lighten with oil lamps.
Company passes Ottoman Nationality in 1911 and receives a title Tahtel’arz Railway from Galata and Beyoglu. Due to lack of materials , the tunnel remains seperate from its passengers for three months during World War Second. Then it renews completely by French Eletcro Enterprise Company with 33 million Lira and it takes its final form.
It Transforms 170 People in One Go
Tunnel goes beyond distance of 573 meter in 90 second with its 350 hp electrical system and it transforms 170 people in one go with 16 meter two wagons.
Tunnel is indispensable for people in the period of Ottoman and Republic and it is still haunt for people who wants to go short-range to somewhere. While taking a walk in Beyoglu, certainly you get into Tunnel
Weekday and Saturday: 07:00 p.m—22:45 a.m.
Monday: 07:30 p.m.—22:45 a.m.
Average time period of voyage is 5 minutes
The fee for Istanbul Card is 1,95 TL