Yedikule Castle (Yedikule Hisarı), was one of the most important defense walls of the Byzantınes. Also, the largest and most impressive entrance gate of Byzantian Istanbul can be found here: the Golden Gate (Altın Kapı). This was the official entrance door. The door was only opened when an emperor had achieved a victory. The monks used to welcome the emperor with a ceremony.
Golden Gate lost its function
The emperor used to sit on his throne, and was carried through the gate on a carriage towards the palace. The Golden Gate can still be observed, however, most of the decorations have disapppeared. After the final capture of Constantinople Sultan Mehmed II built a new fort in 1458. By adding three larger towers to the four pre-existing oneson the inner Theodosian wall, he formed the Fortress of Seven Towers.
Last prison was held in 1837
The Golden Gate lost its function and it was used as a archive and state prison. . Among its most notable prisoners was the young Sultan Osman II, who was imprisoned and executed there in 1622. The last prisoner was held in the Yedikule as late as 1837.
A small mosque and a fountain were built in the middle of the fort's inner courtyard, which also contained the houses of the garrison, forming a separate city quarter. An open-air theater has been built in more recent years, and is used for cultural festivals.
|Address||Yedikule Meydani Sk, Imrahor Mh., 34107 Istanbul|
|Tel||0212 584 40 12|
|Entrance fee||5 TL|
|Visiting hours||Open 9:30am-6pm. Entry costs 6TL, extra for camera.|